The Santa Fe World Affairs Forum aims to broaden and deepen understanding of world affairs through small, interactive, professionally led sessions on international issues for a membership of informed individuals.

Programs and Webinars

  • Dr Emile Nakhleh - 1 Dec 2022

The Middle East and the United States: Continuing Challenges and threats in the Next Decade

December 1, 2022

Dr. Emile Nakhleh

The Middle East in 2021-2022 has experienced major developments and faced many challenges, politically, economically, militarily, and socially. In addition to the ongoing disastrous war in Yemen, the protests in Iran, and the massive human rights violations across the region, the Middle East has been affected by Russia’s war in Ukraine, economically and politically. Several Middle Eastern states are on the verge of collapse, including Yemen, Syria, and Lebanon. Bloody confrontations between Israelis and Palestinians in the Occupied Territories continue with no resolution in sight and will be exacerbated by the resurgence of ultra-right politics in Israel following the November 1 elections.

The Middle East has also seen a disconcerting rise in poverty, unemployment, corruption, serious environmental degradation, and distrust of political and social institutions. US policy in the region, especially with Saudi Arabia, in being tested and challenged. Tribal illiberal nationalism, much like in the United States and other countries, is also on the rise in the Middle East. Yet some new alliances and relations have been forming among several states in the region. Many of these developments, including terrorism, pose a challenge to American interests in the region. Understanding the Middle East is best achieved through five major themes: Geography, Religion, Natural Resources (oil and natural gas), Relations with Foreign Powers, and Governance (Rulers and Ruled).

Dr. Emile NakhlehDr. Nakhleh is a former Senior Intelligence Service (SIS) Officer (CIA), a former Research Professor and Director, GNSPI (UNM), a Founding Director, Political Islam Strategic Analysis Program (CIA), a Founding Director, Global and National Security Policy Institute (UNM), a Life Member, Council on Foreign Relations, a Consultant on the Middle East, political Islam, radicalization, terrorism, and intelligence. He has published frequently on these issues, been awarded several senior commendations and distinguished medals for his service, and been a Senior Fulbright Scholar in Bahrain and Israel. Dr Nakhleh has been a frequent speaker for the Santa Fe World Affairs Forum.

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Global Climate Change Series

SFWAF Symposium 2020

The Warming World:  Rising Temperatures, Rising Tides, Rising Turbulence Series

“The Warming World: Rising Temperatures, Rising Tides, Rising Turbulence ” – May 4, 2022
Professor Max Boykoff, and Chair of the Department of Environmental Studies, University of Colorado

“Responding to COVID-19 While Preparing for the Next Pandemic: Latest Developments in Global Health Security” – April 27, 2022
Ambassador John Lange (rtd), Senior Fellow for Global Health Diplomacy at the United Nations Foundation 

“Planning for Resilience: What Can Be Done Legally to Mitigate Disruptive Environmental and Other Severe Events and Adjust to Their Impacts?”  – April 13, 2022
Dr. Catherine Banet, Professor, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

“A New Cold War in the Arctic: the US, China and Russia?”  – April 06, 2022
Ambassador (ret.) Kenneth S. Yalowitz


Thursday April 11 and Friday April 12, 2019


Rising Authoritarianism: Can Democracy Meet the Challenge?

This year’s symposium on April 11 and 12 will address an issue of especially vital concern to us all: “Rising Authoritarianism: Can Democracy Meet the Challenge?” Taking place on the campus of Santa Fe Community College, the Symposium will bring together six specialists who will speak individually, introducing a global overview of the underlying causes of authoritarianism and of countervailing measures against its rise, followed by sessions focusing on the specific circumstances in Europe, Latin America, and the U.S.

Also included will be a student panel of foreign and dual-national students studying at colleges and universities here in New Mexico. As in the past the Symposium will offer all attendees ample opportunity for questions, discussions, and informal exchanges with speakers.

For more than two centuries, America has advocated for democratic principles starting with its Founding Fathers who proclaimed our nation to be created by and for the people, to joining with the liberal world to fight for our beliefs in two world wars. Following those wars, the United States was in the forefront of international efforts to create global institutions dedicated to peace, prosperity and justice. Our leaders have sometimes badly faltered or made poor decisions in seeking to preserve American leadership and universal values of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. But we have for the most part tried to move forward towards such aspirational goals throughout our history. Other nations have not always agreed with our individual policies, but no one doubted the American example of strong democratic institutions, a robust civil society and a desire to build a world based on common values and interests.

Now, as a new era of international strongmen emerges, are America’s traditions and institutions capable of ensuring that democratic principles continue to push back on the tyranny that has threatened every generation? The symposium examines this moment with open eyes, asking tough questions about the global authoritarian threat, its underlying causes, and how it can be, and is being, countered.

When strong democratic institutions and civil society perform their essential functions, society enjoys a good faith debate about the best way to advance global and national interests. However, when rule of law is eroded, nationalism politicized, alliances strained, the press demonized and society fractured by rising hate crimes and attacks on electoral integrity, the norms that promote and preserve a resilient democratic society become frayed. International institutions based on shared democratic values can also be undermined and weakened when the U.S. government appears to question their continuing relevance.

Can the U.S. continue to be a leader that holds others to account when we ourselves falter in meeting these challenges? What causes the authoritarian impulse to break out of the democratic norm, and why do so many here and abroad find these demagogic appeals so attractive? Has a decline in American global leadership inadvertently given other nations permission to erode their own democratic institutions? Will a fractured and divided America be able, or willing, to work with other democracies holding others accountable when we fail to do so at home?

Focusing on Europe, Latin America and the US, the symposium will examine these questions in order to better understand not only the causes and symptoms that bring us to this moment, but just as importantly, to explore what can be done to meet these authoritarian challenges to democracy.

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